Novell ZENworks for Desktops 4.0.1 - ZfD4.0.1 IR6
Novell ZENworks Automatic Workstation Import
Novell ZENworks Automatic Workstation Removal
Novell ZENworks Desktop Management
Novell ZENworks Remote Management
Novell ZENworks Management Agent
Novell ZENworks Management Agent + Client
Novell Application Launcher (NAL)
Novell ZENworks Inventory
Novell ZENworks Middle Tier
This document outlines the various behaviors of ZENworks 6.5SP1a Desktop Management and ZENworks for Desktops 4.0.1 Interim Release 6 (and higher) when used in conjunction with a VPN scenario. Specifically, this document describes what is expected to occur when an end user logs in Workstation Only to a machine, NAL starts in disconnected mode, the end user establishes a VPN connection, and eventually logs into eDirectory as the workstation object and/or the user object (either via client32 or via the middle tier).
Automatic Workstation Import
Client32 + Agent machines - If the Client32 setting "Workstation Manager Login Event" is set to On, then automatic import of workstations can occur as soon as the user authenticates to eDirectory. User-based import will also work at this point (ie, the naming or location of the workstation object is dependent on the user logging in).
Automatic Workstation Removal
User associated Policies
Client32 + Agent machines - If the Client32 setting "Workstation Manager Login Event" is set to On, then as soon as the user authenticates to eDirectory, scheduled User policies will be retrieved and scheduled. Any User policies retrieved that are scheduled for the User Login event or the Desktop Active event are triggered at this point.
User associated applications
Within 30 seconds of the user establishing an eDirectory authentication (either via client32 or via the midtier), NAL will detect the connection change and cause a refresh. This refresh will result in NAL being in Online mode.
Workstation associated Policies
When the Workstation Manager service starts, it tries to login as the workstation object every 15 seconds. These attempts will fail, until access to the eDirectory tree is established (either via client32 or via the midtier). Once an eDirectory connection is available (ie, VPN connection established), Workstation Manager will login as the workstation object and scheduled Workstation policies will be retrieved and scheduled. Any Workstation Policies that are scheduled for Scheduler System Startup are triggered at this point.
NOTE: If you do not see your policies being processed from the network upon workstation object login, it is usually because the policies will not be retrieved from the network until the default policy cache timeout of 5 minutes is reached. To alleviate this potential issue, turn off ZENPOL caching by setting the DWORD value ZENPOL CACHE REFRESH to 0 underneath HKLM\Software\Novell\ZENworks (or you could set it to a low value... the value represents the number of seconds that the policy cache (ZENPOL OBJECTS) in the registry stays alive. Once this time elapses, the cache is refreshed from the network the next time policies have to be retrieved).
NOTE: Policy cache is enabled by default to reduce the network traffic caused by reading policy package settings multiple times during the bootup / login sequence. Some may not want this increased traffic and may not want to turn off policy cache. If this is the case, then you should either set the cache to a low value or schedule your policies based on time and not event, ie 12:00am - 11:55pm.
Workstation associated Applications
As soon as Workstation Manager logs in as the workstation object (see Workstation associated Policies above), it will start the NAL workstation helper. At this point, workstation associated applications are retrieved from the network.
NOTE: The NAL workstation helper is started (by default) 2.5 minutes after the Workstation Manager service is started (if the workstation object has not been logged in yet). Since you are offline at this point, the helper is started and is in disconnected mode, thus only showing apps from cache that are marked "Disconnectable". Once started, any cached force run workstation associated apps will be processed. However, not until a refresh of NAL will any workstation associated icons appear to the user. If you need the workstation associated application icons to show to the user before a refresh happens, you should lower the AuthenticateStartHelperCount to 1, as described inWorkstation Associated Applications do not show
NOTE: If the NAL workstation helper is already running before the workstation object logs in, then the NAL workstation helper will be stopped, and then started again upon workstation object login. This is done on purpose so that the workstation helper can be used in online mode. However, this also means Force Run workstation associated applications will run again due to the new session for the helper.
TIP: To see if
NAL is connected as the workstation object, run NALDIAG (or hold
down F2 while clicking on More inside the Properties of NAL) and
the connection state is listed in the upper right-hand corner.
Also, you could run MSINFO32 / choose Software Environment / choose
Loaded Modules / and look for the existence of ZENAPPWS.DLL
As long as the
Workstation Inventory policy is read, the policy is scheduled and
acted upon accordingly. See the Workstation associated Policies
section to determine if the policy is being retrieved.
As long as port 1761 is open between the console workstation and the target workstation, Remote Management functions can work. The IP address that is updated on the workstation object upon login should be the VPN network address. For example, if after a Workstation Only login you have addressA, but after establishing a VPN connection you also have addressB, then the address written to the workstation object should be addressB, so the internal workstations can access the address for Remote Management functions. This address is updated via Workstation Manager immediately after the workstation object authenticates to eDirectory.
most Remote Management settings, the policy that is used is based
on the registration state of the workstation - if the workstation
is imported, then eDirectory policies will be the only policies in
use. If the workstation is not imported, then the c:\program
the policies in use. However, if the workstation is not imported,
the NAT policy is not in affect. The Enable NAT and Prompt User for
NAT policies are only in affect when the Directory based
authentication is used (ie, the workstation is imported).